Despite the low efficiency of the buses, their introduction will continue
Mayor Sergei Sobyanin gives an interview at the launch of the Moscow bus 01.09.2018However, as the saying goes: it was smooth on paper, Yes forgot about the ravines. A Telegram-channel "Base" was an internal letter from the Department of transport to the Ministry of transport. In this letter, known for its ardent support of the theme of buses, Deputy mayor and the head of diptrans Maxim Liksutov recognizes that this type of urban transport in many articles still loses not only diesel and NGV buses and the tram.
The bus is released to the streets of the capital since September 2018Such a conclusion radically at odds with earlier public statements Maxim Liksutov in the spirit: "the electric bus is the future of surface transport, and the international community supports us in this".
The most economical form of urban land transport and logistics Moscow – articulated tram model 71-931М "Vityaz-M"So the text of the document: the most efficient urban transport tram called... (the newest model 71-931М "Vityaz-M") which was the lowest operating costs – a total of ₽1.2 per passenger-kilometer (PKM) per regular passenger seat. In second place NGV buses (model LiAZ-529271) with ₽1.21 per PKM. However, the "dirty" diesel buses (modern models NefAZ-5299 and LiAZ-529265), this figure is ₽of 1.31. Well, the green bus was on the penultimate place with a long way of 1.59 on the control panel. On this background even "archaic" trolley plays not-so-serious – ₽of 1.67 on the RMB.
The second economy ground transportation – city 12-meter diesel bus LiAZ-529271However, in a personal blog, the Mayor stressed that: "electric Buses put to the capital of the domestic car manufacturers KAMAZ and GAZ. For service contracts they are responsible for the operation of rolling stock and charging stations for 15 years. The total cost of its operation is 10% lower than the trolley, and life — 50% longer than the bus".
Autonomous heater Webasto Thermo 350 diesel makes the current Metropolitan buses are not so eco-friendlySo, "Base" indicates the average consumption of diesel oil heater about four liters per hour and the annual volume of emissions in the amount of 0.08 tons per year of NO2, 0,013 tons/year – NOx 0,0068 ton/year soot and 0,01069 t/a – SO2. It is believed that conventional diesel generators used by the road services of the city to repair the streets, about the same level of specific emissions. But "Base" indicates that in contrast to diesel generators operating intermittently and generally in small quantities, the heater electric bus in the cold season is open throughout the day schedule (from 6:40 until 22:00). On this basis, it argues that under the semi-annual cold season in Russia, "the army of the Smoking electric buses won't make a purer atmosphere of the capital" (frankly, it's still an exaggeration – emissions heaters electric buses is not so great and colleagues fall into frankly the alarmist rage – ed.).
The buses KAMAZ-6282The main beneficiaries of the capital purchase program of the buses act of domestic automobile companies "GAZ Group" and "KAMAZ"Group. The first belongs to Oleg Deripaska, the main shareholder and the second – "rostec" Chemezov. The first two tenders for the supply of 200 electric buses in ₽12.7 billion they divided among themselves. A third contract for 100 electric buses "Mosgortrans" made only with KAMAZ in the amount of ₽of 6.57 billion (because of the threat of sanctions antirossiysky "GAZ Group" had given the order to miss the bus). According to statements of officials of the Moscow mayoralty, these producers will be left without orders in the future, as the capital plans to purchase annually about 600 units of buses in the amount of ₽38 billion.
The GAS electric bus (LiAZ-6274 "Moscow")In a press-service sue Mosgortrans questions about the report of the head of diptrans and efficiency of buses commented very simply: "the Price of diesel fuel is two times higher energy costs for electric buses. And rolling stock by buses creates a significant potential for the development of innovative sectors of the economy in our country."
Gas articulated bus LiAZ-62137 (Euro-5) it is successfully running routes in the capitalAnd I still think that the real concern about the ecology of Moscow in 2020-ies would be just the development of gasification of the bus fleet with the introduction of trolley buses as usual (2-5 km), and high (15-35 km) autonomy or other "of the electric bus with dynamic recharging", tE. effectively use existing contact trolleybus network charging directly in the movement of it (as well as the heating and ventilation of the cabin), but not from stationary charging stations on the route or in the Park, fairly self-contained and convenient, allowing to minimize the cost of the battery. At the current level of technology of batteries are the systems most effective at the cumulative environmental/economic impact (it is not a mere fabrication, as the result of a fairly serious study of one of the units Mostransavto). So that a clear write-off trolley "archive" as well as forced introduction of imperfect and expensive bus – this apparent "running ahead of the locomotive" which the current "fatliquoring Moscow" still can afford, but in the future it can result in very unpleasant consequences, for example in the form of a sharp slowing of renewal and the problem of disposing of (real, not contrived) of toxic spent batteries.
The same KAMAZ offers and trolley models with 62825 stand-alone course (charge from the contact network is only 20 min.).